04-10-1905 - 06-09-1985
Léon Orthel was born in Roosendaal, The Netherlands, on October 4, 1905. He died in The Hague on September 6, 1985.
At the young age of 16 he was a pupil of Johan Wagenaar. With the assistance of a state scholarship, he studied with Paul Juon and Curt Sachs at the ...
Biography Léon Orthel
Léon Orthel was born in Roosendaal, The Netherlands, on October 4, 1905. He died in The Hague on September 6, 1985. At the young age of 16 he was a pupil of Johan Wagenaar. With the assistance of a state scholarship, he studied with Paul Juon and Curt Sachs at the Berlin Musikhochschule (1928-29), and returned thereafter to Wagenaar (1929-1930). He became professor of piano at the Royal Conservatory of Music in The Hague in 1941, and professor of composition at the Amsterdam Conservatory of Music in 1949. From 1947 to 1970 he presided the Composers' Section of the KNTV (Royal Association of Professional Musicians), and from 1957 to 1972 he presided the executive committee of the Johan Wagenaar Foundation. As of 1930 he began to establish his independence as a composer. Particularly in the years 1934-1938 he strove to achieve a personal idiom in composition, disassociating himself from the polytonal and atonal techniques prevalent at the time, for which he clearly did not feel any affinity. His music gradually developed its own distinctive sound, and cannot readily be labelled with the name of any particular school. His style is characterized by intense internal tensions and a sure command of compositional techniques. His 'Second' and 'Third Symphony' (1940 and 1943) are good examples of his personal style. The many songs to texts by Rainer Maria Rilke (the earliest written in 1934, the latest in 1972) show a subtle declamatory treatment of the text. Of the six symphonies, the 'Piccola Sinfonia' op. 18 (Second symphony), has become well known, as well as the 'Fourth Symphony' op. 32 (1949), which is in fact a 'sinfonia concertante' for piano and orchestra. Other important works are the 'Scherzo' for piano and orchestra op. 10 (1927), two 'Scherzi' for orchestra op. 37 and 38 (1955 and 1957), five 'Sonatines' for piano, and the 'Rilke songs'. Many of his compositions were commissioned, e.g. by the Dutch government and the City of Amsterdam. Léon Orthel was awarded prizes from the Dutch government for the 'Third Symphony' in 1946, and for the 'Fifth Symphony' in 1962. The 'Second Symphony' was awarded the Visser Neerlandia Prize in 1960. In 1974, Orthel received the Johan Wagenaar Prize for his entirecomplete oeuvre.
Discography Léon Orthel
Orchestral Works & Chamber Music
|Type and year||2CD, 2007|
|Label||Etcetera, KTC 1359|
Willem van Otterloo - The Original Recordings 1950-1960
|Type and year||13CD, 2005|
|Label||Challenge Classics, CC 72142|
|dirigent||Willem van Otterloo|
Het Brabants Orkest - Het Brabants Orkest
|Type and year||CD, 2009|
|Label||Habeo, HABEO 9601|
In the discography you will find all recordings that have been released listed chronologically. We restrict ourselves to the title, the type of audio, year of publication or recording, label, list of guest musicians, plus any comments on the issue.
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