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JULIUS RONTGEN

Summary | Biography | Discography | Photos | Audio/Video

julius röntgen

Period

09-05-1855 - 13-09-1932

Genre

classical, componist, piano, romantic

Online

Officiële website

Julius Röntgen

The German-Dutch composer Julius Röntgen left behind an oeuvre impressive for its expanse. In the approximately 650 works, all of the traditional genres are represented, from works for violin solo to operas. Notable, too, is the great influence of Johannes Brahms. The “Dutch” quality is found principally in folkloristic pieces, ...
Full biography

Instruments

componist, piano

Mentioned in the biography of

1881   Jan Brandts Buys
1887   Willem Andriessen
1910   Bernhard van den Sigtenhorst Meyer
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Biography Julius Röntgen

The German-Dutch composer Julius Röntgen left behind an oeuvre impressive for its expanse. In the approximately 650 works, all of the traditional genres are represented, from works for violin solo to operas. Notable, too, is the great influence of Johannes Brahms. The “Dutch” quality is found principally in folkloristic pieces, such as the 'Oud-Nederlandsche Dansen' (Old Dutch Dances, 1904).

1855

Julius Röntgen is born in Leipzig on May 9, the son of the violinist Engelbert Röntgen, who had come from Deventer, and the pianist Pauline Klengel. He is raised amid the strong musical tradition of the city, where his father plays in the Gewandhaus Orchestra.

1869 - 1873

The child prodigy makes his debut as a composer and pianist in Düsseldorf. Röntgen studies the piano with Louis Plaidy and Carl Reinecke. He rounds off his studies with the composer Franz Lachner, of Munich, and the cantor and music theory teacher Ernst Friedrich Richter in Leipzig. His first compositions are printed in 1871.

1874 - 1875

Julius Röntgen is described by many as being very amiable, and the long friendships he forms with colleagues attest to that. He meets the 22-year-older Johannes Brahms, who is the major influence on his composition. The following year, he meets Edvard Grieg.

1878 - 1906

Röntgen takes up residence in Amsterdam, where he begins his career as a piano teacher at the music school. For many years, he organizes the Chamber Music Soirees in the Felix Meritis building.

1884

Röntgen is involved in the founding of the Amsterdamsch Conservatorium, where he continues teaching. He performs Brahms’ 'Second Piano Concerto', conducted by the composer, who is appalled by the low level of Dutch orchestral culture. In the summer, Röntgen makes the first of his many visits to Grieg in Norway.

1886 - 1898

Julius Röntgen follows Johannes Verhulst as music director of the Amsterdam chapter of the Society for the Advancement of Music. The role ends, however, when Willem Mengelberg, the Concertgebouw Orchestra’s conductor, takes over the post. From 1892, Röntgen spends most of his summers in Denmark. There he develops a friendship with the composer Carl Nielsen, whose work he introduces in the Netherlands. Traces of Norwegian folklore are evident in his music, such as the 'Aus Jotunheim suite' (1892, originally for violin and piano; also for orchestra). During the 1893/1894 season, he performs all of Ludwig van Beethoven’s piano concertos with the Concertgebouw Orchestra conducted by Willem Kes. He leads a Grieg festival in 1897 and a Brahms festival in 1898.

Willem Kes

1900 - 1924

julius röntgen Julius Röntgen performs as a pianist with the bass Johannes Messchaert, the cellist Pablo Casals and the violinist Carl Flesch. Five of his six sons are musicians. Born in the first marriage – 1880-1894, to the violinist Amanda Maier – are the sons Julius, a violinist, and Engelbert, a cellist. Born in the second marriage – 1897-1932, to Abrahamina des Amorie van der Hoeven – are Johannes, a pianist, conductor and composer, Edvard Frants, a cellist, and Joachim, a violinist. With the two oldest sons, he forms the Röntgen Trio in 1912. Röntgen is the director of the Amsterdamsch Conservatorium from 1912 to 1924. In 1919, he becomes a Dutch citizen.

Johannes Röntgen

1925 - 1932

Julius Röntgen moves to Bilthoven, where his son Frants has built the villa Gaudeamus for him. During this final period, he is particularly productive as a composer, writing more than 200 pieces, among which are 18 symphonies. His long friendship with Grieg is documented in their correspondence, which he has published in 1930. Röntgen receives an honorary doctorate from the University of Edinburgh at his 75th birthday, and at the inauguration of the Amsterdam Concertgebouw, he performs his sixth and seventh piano concertos. Julius Röntgen dies in Utrecht on September 13, 1932.

2007

Jurjen Vis receives his doctorate from the University of Utrecht with the biography 'Gaudeamus: het leven van Julius Röntgen (1855-1932), componist en musicus' [Gaudeamus: The Life of Julius Röntgen (1855-1932), Composer and Musician]. The book is published by Waanders in Zwolle.

Discography Julius Röntgen

In the discography you will find all recordings that have been released listed chronologically. We restrict ourselves to the title, the type of audio, year of publication or recording, label, list of guest musicians, plus any comments on the issue.

Photos Julius Röntgen

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