JOHANNES GIJSBERTUS BASTIAANS
Johannes Gijsbertus Bastiaans
Johannes Gijsbertus Bastiaans is the first Dutchman to study music in Leipzig while Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy is there. He takes Mendelssohn's enthusiasm for Johann Sebastian Bach back with him to the Netherlands, thus initiating the Netherlands Bach movement, which is still very much alive today. He devotes himself to improving ...
Biography Johannes Gijsbertus Bastiaans
Johannes Gijsbertus Bastiaans is the first Dutchman to study music in Leipzig while Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy is there. He takes Mendelssohn's enthusiasm for Johann Sebastian Bach back with him to the Netherlands, thus initiating the Netherlands Bach movement, which is still very much alive today. He devotes himself to improving the level of singing in church and restoring the ancient chorale melodies to their original form. Bastiaans publishes several volumes of chorales and also composes new melodies, nine of which are included in the Dutch hymnal 'Liedboek voor de Kerken' (1973). Most of his other compositions - choral works, songs, chamber music, piano music and numerous organ works - never make it into print.
1812 - 1832
Johannes Gijsbertus Bastiaans is born in the village of Wilp on 31 October 1812. From the age of ten he receives music lessons from musicians in the nearby town of Deventer. After his father's death, he has to earn his living and becomes a watchmaker. In order to learn the trade, he moves to Rotterdam in 1832.
1832 - 1837
Bastiaans takes harmony and counterpoint lessons with Carl Ferdinand Hommert. This is most likely where he gets to know Bach's 'Das wohltemperierte Klavier'. In 1836, he goes to Dessau (Germany) to continue his studies with Friedrich Schneider. Besides learning music theory, Bastiaans also wants to improve himself as an organist. At the beginning of 1837, he goes to Leipzig to study with Carl Ferdinand Becker where he also studies hymnology and counterpoint. Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy gives him composition directions. Bastiaans plays the double bass in the local orchestra Euterpe.
1838 - 1850
In June, Bastiaans returns to the Netherlands. In 1840, he is appointed organist of the Zuiderkerk in Amsterdam. From 1841 to 1858, he plays the double bass in the professional Amsterdam orchestra Caecilia. From 1842 to 1844, he also gives singing lessons at the Amsterdam Institute for the Blind.
1850 - 1858
Johannes Gijsbertus Bastiaans founds a Bach society in Amsterdam. He set up a private music theory training course, followed a year later by an organ training course. From 1853 to 1856, he teaches at the Toonkunst School for Music in Amsterdam. He also gives organ concerts.
Bastiaans is appointed organist and carillon player of the city of Haarlem. This makes him the principal organist of the world famous Christian Müller organ (1738) at the Grote- or Sint Bavokerk.
1867 - 1875
In 1867, Bastiaans publishes a book on harmony based on the theories of, among others, Anton Friedrich Justus Thibaut and Moritz Hauptmann. Johannes Gijsbertus Bastiaans dies in Haarlem on 16 February 1875.
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