JAN VAN GILSE
Jan van Gilse
Jan van Gilse lived in Germany in the first years of the 20th century, and it was at this time that he wrote most of his compositions. He moved to the Netherlands during World War I and was appointed conductor of the Utrecht City Orchestra. His music was initially influenced ...
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Biography Jan van Gilse
Jan van Gilse lived in Germany in the first years of the 20th century, and it was at this time that he wrote most of his compositions. He moved to the Netherlands during World War I and was appointed conductor of the Utrecht City Orchestra. His music was initially influenced by the late German Romantic style, Richard Strauss and Max Reger in particular. But he gradually shifted focus. “With the last two movements of the 'Fourth Symphony', a tendency toward an individual style begins, which comes to fruition in the 'Dansschetsen' (1926).” (Hans van Dijk). French influences (impressionistic, or Debussyan) are perceptible in the 'Gardener Liederen' (1923). In the opera 'Thijl (1940) and the unfinished 'Rotterdam', he also flirted with folk music. In addition to composing, Van Gilse was the conductor of the Bremen and Munich operas and of the North Netherlands Opera in Amsterdam.
Jan van Gilse is born in Rotterdam on May 11.
Van Gilse begins studying the piano, composition and orchestral conducting at the Cologne Conservatory.
1901 - 1905
Jan van Gilse is awarded the prize of the Beethoven-Haus in Bonn for his 'Symphony in F'. After the death of his teacher Franz Wüllner in 1902, he studies with Engelbert Humperdinck in Berlin, completing his studies there in 1905. He then becomes a conductor and répétiteur of the Stadttheater Bremen opera.
1908 - 1910
Van Gilse becomes the répétiteur and conductor of the North Netherlands Opera. He receives the German Michael Beer Preis in 1909 for his 'Symphony No. 3, Erhebung', for soprano and orchestra, an award that makes it possible for him to work in Rome for a year.
On Van Gilse’s initiative, the Genootschap van Nederlandse Componisten (GeNeCO, Society of Dutch Composers) is founded.
1913 - 1917
In Munich, Van Gilse completes the opera 'Frau Helga von Stavern'. The Bureau voor Muziekauteursrecht (BUMA, Music Copyright Bureau) is founded; Van Gilse is chairman from 1917 to 1942. He becomes the conductor of the Utrecht City Orchestra.
After a series of cutting journalistic attacks by Willem Pijper, Van Gilse resigns from the Utrecht City Orchestra, ending his career as a conductor. However, he resumes composing – throughout his period as a conductor, a time he referred to as his “years in exile”, he did not produce a single composition.
Van Gilse returns to Germany, composing there 'Prologus Brevis', for orchestra, among other compositions, and beginning his – never completed – memoires.
1933 - 1935
Jan van Gilse becomes director of the Utrecht Conservatory. He begins Nederlandse Muziekbelangen [Dutch Musical Interests], a foundation to promote the performance of Dutch music from which emerges in 1947 the publisher Donemus.
1937 - 1938
After many annoyances, Van Gilse resigns as director of the Utrecht Conservatory and decides to devote himself to composition. He meets Hendrik Lindt, and together they begin the opera 'Thijl'.
Jan van Gilse dies in Oegstgeest on September 11.
Discography Jan van Gilse
Jan van Gilse
|Act||Jan van Gilse|
|Type and year||CD, 1998|
|Label||NM Classics, NM 92056|
Symphonies 1 & 2
|Act||Jan van Gilse|
|Type and year||CD, 2008|
|Label||CPO, 777 349-2|
|muzikant||Nederlands Symfonie Orkest|
In the discography you will find all recordings that have been released listed chronologically. We restrict ourselves to the title, the type of audio, year of publication or recording, label, list of guest musicians, plus any comments on the issue.
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