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GUSTAV LEONHARDT

Summary | Biography | Discography | Photos | Audio/Video

Gustav Leonhardt

Period

30-05-1928 - 16-01-2012

Genre

cello, classical, dirigent, klavecimbel, klavichord, orgel

Gustav Leonhardt

Gustav Leonhardt is a pioneer of historically founded performance practice. He is a harpsichordist, organist, and conductor and also plays the clavichord and – less known – the cello. He has taught many of today's leading harpsichordists. Leonhardt is the editor of volume I (“Fantasieën en Toccata's voor clavier”) of ...
Full biography

Instruments

cello, dirigent, klavecimbel, klavichord, orgel

Mentioned in the biography of

1921   De Nederlandse Bachvereniging
1940   Rudolf Jansen
1946   Lucy van Dael
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Biography Gustav Leonhardt

Gustav Leonhardt is a pioneer of historically founded performance practice. He is a harpsichordist, organist, and conductor and also plays the clavichord and – less known – the cello. He has taught many of today's leading harpsichordists. Leonhardt is the editor of volume I (“Fantasieën en Toccata's voor clavier”) of the Opera Omnia edition of Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck published by KVNM (2nd edition 1974). He is married to the Swiss violinist Marie Leonhardt and resides since 1974 in a section of the famous Bartolotti House on the Herengracht in Amsterdam.

1928

Gustav Leonhardt is born to a patrician family on May 30 in 's-Graveland. His father is a member of the board of the Netherlands Bach Society.

1947 - 1955

Leonhardt studies the organ and harpsichord with Edward Müller at the Schola Cantorum in Basle. He completes his studies in 1950 and makes his debut as a harpsichordist in Vienna performing Johann Sebastian Bach's The Art of the Fugue. For a year, he studies musicology in Vienna. From 1952 to 1955 he teaches the harpsichord at the Musikhochschule, also in Vienna. In 1954 he is appointed harpsichord teacher at the Amsterdam Conservatory and organist at the Waalse Kerk in Amsterdam. Later, he founds and conducts the Leonhardt Consort, in which his wife is a violinist.

1967 - 1970

Leonhardt plays the role of Johann Sebastian Bach in Jean-Marie Straube's film Chronik der Anna Magdalena Bach. Throughout 1969 he is a guest professor at Harvard University.

1971

Leonhardt and Nikolaus Harnoncourt begin recording J.S. Bach's complete sacred cantatas – they finish the project in 1990.

1972

Sigiswald Kuijken begins La Petite Bande and together with Leonhardt records Jean-Baptiste Lully's Le bourgeois gentilhomme (1670).

1980

Together with Harnoncourt, Leonhardt receives the Erasmus Prize. In November, he conducts the Netherlands Chamber Choir for the first time in a performance with an expanded Leonhardt Consort of music by Henry Purcell and his contemporaries.

1981 - 1983

Leonhardt becomes the organist of the Nieuwe Kerk in Amsterdam (from 1983, together with Bernard Winsemius). In 1982, Jacques van Oortmessen succeeds him as titular organist of the Waalse Kerk. Leonhardt receives an honorary doctorate from the University of Amsterdam in 1983.

1991 - 1999

He receives an honorary doctorate from Harvard University. In 1999 he becomes an honorary member of the Royal Dutch Association of Organists.

2006

He is awarded the Oeuvre Prize by the Association of Theatre and Concert Hall Administrators.

2008

During a concert at the Muziekgebouw aan't IJ, he asks the audience to not applaud after the performance of sacred cantatas by Bach.

2009

Queen Beatrix personally decorates Leonhardt with the Honour Medal for Arts and Sciences of the House of Orange.

2011 - 2012

Due to health problems Gustav Leonhardt gives his last recital on December 12, at the Théatre des Bouffes du Nord in Paris. Gustav Leonhardt dies on January 16, 2012 in Amsterdam.

In the discography you will find all recordings that have been released listed chronologically. We restrict ourselves to the title, the type of audio, year of publication or recording, label, list of guest musicians, plus any comments on the issue.

Photos Gustav Leonhardt

Audio/Video Gustav Leonhardt

Video Gustav Leonhardt

Prelude of Prelude and Fu...
Prelude of Prelude and Fugue in b minor, BWV 544 by gustav l
bach brandenburg concerto...
bach brandenburg concerto 5 by leonhardt
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bach brandenburg concerto 5 by leonhardt

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