Cornelis Schuyt is an organist and composer in Leiden during the Reformation. His written music shows a preference for the Italian Renaissance style, without a trace of the innovations introduced at the time by Claudio Monteverdi. Schuyt publishes three books of madrigals; little of his instrumental music has survived. Schuyt ...
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Biography Cornelis Schuyt
Cornelis Schuyt is an organist and composer in Leiden during the Reformation. His written music shows a preference for the Italian Renaissance style, without a trace of the innovations introduced at the time by Claudio Monteverdi. Schuyt publishes three books of madrigals; little of his instrumental music has survived. Schuyt is presumed to have been a member of the Muiderkring, a group of writers, scholars and artists who regularly met at the castle of Muiden, on the invitation of the poet P.C. Hooft.
1557 - 1571
Cornelis Floriszoon Schuyt (Schuit, Schuijt) is born in Leiden. A year later, his father, Floris Cornelisz Schuyt, is appointed organist at the Roman Catholic St Pieterskerk in Leiden. There, Cornelis is probably trained as a choirboy by his father.
1572 - 1584
Leiden is one of the first Dutch cities to side with the insurgents against the Spanish regime, thus embracing the Reformation. Floris Schuyt loses his job and is not reinstated until 1584. In the intervening period, Cornelis Schuyt travels to Italy at the cost of the city government.
1593 - 1594
On March 11, Cornelis Schuyt is appointed deputy organist and a city musician, even though he is Catholic. The father and son alternate playing in St Pieterskerk and the Hooglandse Church-St Pancraskerk. During this period, the city government expects organists to give performances in addition to playing during church services. Schuyt’s salary is raised from 200 to 300 guilders a year when he marries Cecilia Pietersdochter Uytgeest on August 7. As a city musician, he is required to give lessons, but also provide suitable music for official banquets, for example at the visit of Prince Maurits.
1598 - 1601
Schuyt is now also responsible for the two city carillons. His first madrigal collection, 'Il primo libro de madrigali a cinque voci' (1600), on texts by Torquato Tasso and Francesco Petrarch, as well as several anonymous Italian poets, is published in Leiden. The 14 madrigals are preceded by the four-part puzzle canon 'Bewaert, Heer, Hollandt en Salicht Leyden' [Preserve Holland, Lord, and Save Leiden]. In the first madrigal, 'O Leyda gratiosa', he praises the city and the city council – to whom he dedicates the collection – for the fact that he can safely live and work in Leiden. The city council pays him 24 guilders for the book. After the death of his father in 1601, Cornelis Schuyt is appointed organist of St Pieterskerk.
The collection 'Hollandsche madrigalen met vijf, ses, ende acht stemmen' [Dutch madrigals with five, six and eight voices] is published – only three part-books have survived. This collection is seen as the last representative of the Netherlands fifteenth- and sixteenth-century polyphonic tradition. The texts are by Jan van Hout and Daniel Heinsius. In this collection, Schuyt also gives a detailed explanation of the puzzle canon from the first book of madrigals.
The third book of madrigals, 'Hymeneo, overo Madrigali nuptiali et altri amorosi', is published. It contains 21 six-voice wedding madrigals on texts by Giovanni Battista Guarini, Francesco Petrarch, Torquato Tasso and others. It closes with an 'Echo doppio' for two six-voice choirs. A collection of instrumental ensemble music, 'Dodeci Padovane, et altretante Gagliarde Composte nelli dodeci modi', is simultaneously published by the same printer. The instrumental music is apparently also intended for wedding celebrations.
Cornelis Schuyt dies in Leiden on June 9. He is laid to rest three days later in St Pieterskerk, where his father is also buried.
Discography Cornelis Schuyt
Madrigali, Padovane & Gagliarde
|Type and year||CD, 2011|
|Label||Globe Records, GLO 6068|
In the discography you will find all recordings that have been released listed chronologically. We restrict ourselves to the title, the type of audio, year of publication or recording, label, list of guest musicians, plus any comments on the issue.