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ANNA CRAMER

Summary | Biography | Discography | Photos | Audio/Video

anna cramer

Period

15-07-1873 - 04-06-1968

Genre

classical, componist, romantic

Anna Cramer

Anna Cramer only briefly draw attention during her long, tragic life. Between 1905 and 1910, she gains some fame through her songs. After, she seems to disappear, and for the last 40 years of her life, she does not compose. The rediscovery of her work 20 years after her death ...
Full biography

Instruments

componist

Mentioned in the biography of

1906   Jan Ingenhoven
1992   Elmer Schönberger

Biography Anna Cramer

Anna Cramer only briefly draw attention during her long, tragic life. Between 1905 and 1910, she gains some fame through her songs. After, she seems to disappear, and for the last 40 years of her life, she does not compose. The rediscovery of her work 20 years after her death causes a small sensation.

1873

Anna Merkje Cramer is born in Amsterdam on July 15. Her father is an office worker and later an entrepreneur. He dies when she is 15 years old.

1893 - 1907

During the period that Anna Cramer studies the piano and composition at the Amsterdam Conservatory, she is registered as a domestic servant. She receives her piano diploma in 1897 and continues studying composition with Wilhelm Berger in Berlin and later presumably with Max von Schillings in Munich.

1906 - 1909

Songs by Anna Cramer are prominently performed by the baritone Ludwig Wüllner and his accompanist Coenraad Bos in the Amsterdam Concertgebouw. The baritone Gerard Zalsman performs her work in Berlin (1907), and two years later she is an accompanist in performances of her work in various Dutch cities, Paris and Berlin. The reviews are largely praising. The opus no. 1-4 songs cycles are published in Berlin and Munich. They contain various stylistic elements. Most are written in an advanced chromatic idiom, but she also uses a simpler “Volkston” and cabaret-like elements.

1910 - 1925

Aside from a stay in Munich and later Berlin, almost nothing is known of Cramer’s life in this period.

1925 - 1930

After taking up residence in Vienna, Anna Cramer begins working with the song composer and singer Walter Simlinger, who writes the librettos for her two operas, 'Der Letzte Tanz' (a one-acter) and 'Dr. Pipalumbo' (ca. 1927).

1930

Anna Cramer, living in poverty, begins to show symptoms of paranoia. She is involuntarily committed in a psychiatric facility and a short time later returns to the Netherlands. From this time on, she no longer composes.

1934 - 1958

Anna Cramer lives in total isolation in Amsterdam. After 1947 she begins to revise compositions.

1958 - 1968

Anna Cramer deposits a case with manuscripts in a bank vault. As she is not caring for herself, she is involuntarily admitted to a nursing home in Blaricum, where she remains until her death on June 4, 1968.

1969 - 1990

The case with manuscripts is discovered shortly after the death of Anna Cramer, but 20 years pass before it attracts attention. She begins to receive posthumous recognition when the collector and researcher Willem Noske brings her work to the attention of the public. A first concert, with a selection of her songs, is given in 1989. The choreographer Wies Merkx becomes fascinated with her life and music and asks Elmer Schönberger to write a scenario for her presentation 'De Laatste Dans' [The Last Dance], which uses a number of Cramer’s songs.

Discography Anna Cramer

In the discography you will find all recordings that have been released listed chronologically. We restrict ourselves to the title, the type of audio, year of publication or recording, label, list of guest musicians, plus any comments on the issue.

Photos Anna Cramer

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